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4D Game Rules (General)

The following rules are laid down by Singapore Pools (Private) Limited for the 4-Digit (4D) Game.

Objective

In this 4D Game, an intending Participant has to purchase a 4-digit number selected from 0000 to 9999 for the Relevant Draw. The correct matching of the 4-digit number selected with any one or more of the winning 4-digit numbers drawn or adopted by the Company under and in accordance with the Rules shall qualify the Participant for a prize or prizes as provided in these 4D Game Rules (General).

Interpretation

The definitions below are applicable to these 4D Game Rules (General), the 4D Game Rules (Outlet Betting), and the 4D Game Rules (Remote Betting) (collectively known as “Rules”), unless the context otherwise requires:-

“4D Game” means the game in which the Participant places a wager on a 4-digit number for matching against winning numbers drawn or adopted by the Company in accordance with these 4D Game Rules (General);

“4D Roll Entry” means an entry to and participation in the 4D Game by way of a purchase of the ten (10) possible permutations of a selected 4-digit number denoted by “RXYZ”, “XRYZ”, “XYRZ” or “XYZR”, where “X”, “Y” and “Z” respectively refer to any number (from zero (0) to nine (9)) to be stipulated by the Participant, and “R” refers to all ten possible numbers from zero (0) to nine (9);

“Account” means the account opened and operated by an Account Holder for the purpose of placing Bets via the Account Betting System;

“Account Betting System” means any system or method of electronic communication used by the Company to provide the 4D Game, or used by the Account Holder to participate in the 4D Game, including without limitation, the Internet, telephone, television, radio or any other kind of electronic or other technology facilitating communication in accordance with the Account Opening and Operating Terms and Conditions as may be amended by the Company from time to time;

“Account Holder” refers to the Participant who is the verified owner provided with an account to operate for purposes of placing a Bet or Bets with the Company via the Account Betting System;

“Authorised Retailer” means a retailer authorised in writing by the Company to assist the Company in carrying out its operation of, or an employee or staff of the Company engaged and/or appointed by the Company to sell entries to and/or bets, on the 4D Game and any other games as may be authorised by the Company from time to time;

“Bet” means a wager made with the Company by the Participant whether made at the Outlet or via the Account Betting System;

“Bet Slip” means a slip issued by the Company at the Outlet or on the Betting Website, and used by a Participant to enter details of the Bet to be placed by the Participant in the 4D Game;

“Betting Website” means the website at https://www.singaporepools.com and all webpages associated or related thereto, or such other websites or web pages as may be used by the Company from time to time to offer its products and services;

“Claimant” means a person claiming a Prize under the Rules, as the case may be;

“Company” means SINGAPORE POOLS (PRIVATE) LIMITED;

“dollar(s)” and “cents” refers to the lawful currency of the Republic of Singapore;

“iBet Entry” means an entry to and participation in the 4D Game by way of a purchase of all possible permutations of a selected 4-digit number from 0000 to 9999, where the prizes payable are set out in Rules 6.1(c), 6.1(d), 6.2(c) and 6.2(d);

“Ordinary Entry” means an entry to and participation in the 4D Game by way of a purchase of a selected 4-digit number from 0000 to 9999;

“Outlet” means the branch outlet operated by the Company or the retail outlet operated by the Authorised Retailer at which Tickets may be bought;

“Participant” means a person participating in the 4D Game pursuant to these 4D Game Rules (General), and shall include the Account Holder and any person who buys a Ticket at the Outlet;

“Prize” refers to the applicable amount payable by the Company to the Participant in respect of a Winning Ticket in accordance with Rule 6.

“Registered Office” means the registered office of the Company at 210 Middle Road, #01-01 Singapore Pools Building, Singapore 188994;

“Relevant Draw” means the draw which the Participant has selected for entry to the 4D Game or such draw as may be allotted to the Participant by the Company at the time of wager at the Company’s sole discretion;

“Remote Betting” means the placing of a bet on the 4D Game through the use of the Account Betting System;

“Stake” means the amount of money offered by the Participant for a wager, in cash (whether physical or electronic) at an Outlet or through the Account Betting System and received and accepted by the Company in respect of the Participant’s Bet;

“System Entry” means an entry to and participation in the 4D Game by way of a purchase of all possible permutations of a selected 4-digit number from 0000 to 9999, where the Prizes payable are set out in Rules 6.1(a), 6.1(b), 6.2(a) and 6.2(b);

“Terminal” means a Ticket-issuing machine owned by the Company, used and operated by the Company or an Authorised Retailer to issue and validate Tickets for the 4D Game;

“Ticket” means a print-out issued by a Terminal or an electronic notification sent to the “Transaction History” section of the Account Holder’s “My Account” page, containing the details of the Bet(s) placed with and accepted by the Company in respect of the 4D Game;

“Transaction History” refers to up to six (6) months of details of the Account Holder’s transactions as recorded in the Company’s computer systems; and

“Winning Ticket” means the Ticket bearing the winning set or sets of numbers for a Relevant Draw.

In the Rules, unless the context otherwise requires or save as is otherwise expressly provided:

the rule headings are for convenient reference only and have no effect in limiting or extending the language of the provisions to which they refer;

the singular includes the plural and vice versa;

references to a gender include but are not limited to references to any other gender as the context requires;

a reference to a Rule is a reference to a rule of the Rules, and references to “the Rules” shall, unless the context otherwise requires, include references to the 4D Game Rules (Outlet Betting) and 4D Game Rules (Remote Betting);

references to days, weeks, months or years are to calendar days, weeks, months or years;

“in writing” means any communication in any written form or means, including but not limited to e-mail, facsimile transmission, letters and memoranda; and

where a word or phrase is given a particular meaning, other parts of speech and grammatical forms of that word or phrase have corresponding meanings.

Participation in 4D Game and Draws

To participate in the 4D Game, the Participant has to either place a Bet through the Account Betting System or buy a Ticket at the Outlet. Details on how to place Bets and buy Tickets are set out in the 4D Game Rules (Remote Betting) and 4D Game Rules (Outlet Betting) respectively.

Draws shall be held at such place, on such date, at such time and in such manner as may be decided by the Company.

Each draw shall have a draw number which shall be communicated to the Participant in such manner as may be decided by the Company (including but not limited to the printing of the draw number on the Tickets for that draw).

The Company may:-

conduct the draws either on its own or with such organisation as may be decided by the Company from time to time; or

adopt the winning numbers of the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, Jackpot and Lucky Prizes of The Singapore Sweep Lottery as the winning numbers of the draws conducted under these Rules.

If during the course of any draw, any fault or failure shall occur in any associated equipment utilised for such draw, the Company may in its absolute discretion, declare such number or numbers as duly drawn or so much of the draw as has at such time been completed as void, and commence a new draw whether using the same equipment or otherwise.

An intending Participant may, if permitted by the Company, make an entry to the 4D Game for consecutive draws as may be decided by the Company from time to time, and the provisions of these 4D Game Rules (General) shall apply to each consecutive entry in respect of each such consecutive draw entered. Entry to consecutive draws for the 4D Game may be made either through the Account Betting System or at an Outlet, where available.

Stake

Without limiting the generality of Rule 5.2 in respect of System Entries, the Stake payable for each entry to and participation in a draw shall be one (1) dollar or multiples of one (1) dollar.

The Company reserves the right at any time to limit the total Stake amount for all or any of the 4-digit numbers for any draw.

Save as expressly provided in the Rules and/or the Account Opening and Operating Terms and Conditions, Stakes paid to the Company in respect of Bets shall not be refundable to the Participants.

The Stake paid for a Ticket and/or Bet shall include the Goods and Services Tax (GST).

The Participant may use vouchers, coupons or refund credits issued by the Company to place Bets and use in payment of Stakes, subject to such terms and conditions as may be applicable to the use of such vouchers, coupons and refund credits.

Participation by Ordinary Entry, 4D Roll Entry, System Entry or iBet Entry

An intending Participant may participate in the 4D Game by making:

an Ordinary Entry;

a 4D Roll Entry;

a System Entry; or

as may be made available for participation by such mode and in such manner as may be decided by the Company from time to time.

The stake for a System Entry shall be determined by the number of possible permutations of a 4-digit number selected, multiplied by the amount of stake selected for that number and the number of the draw day(s) selected (e.g. selection of a 4-digit number of 1234 (which has 24 permutations) and the stake of $2.00 (Big) for Saturday and Sunday draws, shall cost $96.00).

A Participant in the 4D game under a 4D Roll Entry, a System Entry or an iBet Entry shall be entitled to a Prize or Prizes in accordance with these 4D Game Rules (General), in the event that any permutation of a 4-digit number selected for any draw matches with one or more of the winning numbers drawn under these 4D Game Rules (General) for that draw.

The Company may, at its discretion, make available the option to participate in the 4D Game by Ordinary Entry, 4D Roll Entry, System Entry, iBet Entry or by any other means or methods, at the Outlet(s) and/or through the Account Betting System, from time to time at its discretion, and upon such conditions as the Company may deem fit.

The Participant may choose to participate in the 4D Game by either selecting the numbers himself/herself, or allowing the numbers to be selected randomly by the Company’s computer system. Where the numbers are selected by the Company’s computer systems for and on behalf of the Participant, the selected numbers shall be made available for the Participant’s reference via the Transaction History, or such other media as the Company may from time to time decide.

Prizes and Winning Numbers

The prizes, winning numbers drawn by the Company (or its agent or a third party nominated, selected or appointed by it) for the Relevant Draw shall be as follows:

Prize Structure for Ordinary, 4D Roll and System Entries

Prize Amounts and Winning Numbers for 4D Game (Big)

4D Game Rules (General) The following rules are laid down by Singapore Pools (Private) Limited for the 4-Digit (4D) Game. Objective In this 4D Game, an intending Participant has to

Venture Software Solutions

Winning a Sports Toto 4D Lottery

Recently a friend of mine has been obsessed over lottery. He found a dataset of past lottery winning combinations and somehow thinks he can find the logic behind these combinations.

While I don’t share his wild and bold imagination, I think it is great to show just how unpractical it is people betting for lottery. Therefore, I obtained the 4D result dataset from Sports Toto Malaysia Sdn Bhd. It contains 25 years of data from 1992 up to 2017. It records every combination that was picked in each draw, including the first prize, second prize, third prize, 10 special prizes and 10 consolation prizes.

As we can see in the dashboard, some combinations tend to appear more times than others. Is it by coincidence? Or is there actually some logic behind this?

Let’s break it down one by one.

From the TreeMap chart, we see the combination 4267 does appear more times than most of the combination pool, with a total appearance of 26 times. Strange. Toggling the Frequency filter control below the TreeMap to show combination with lower frequency, we will see that most combinations only have a low to average frequency. Is 4267 really a favored number? Are we actually onto something?

Now looking at the Bar Chart, let’s toggle the Year filter control to reveal highest frequency in recent 5 years. It shows that from 2012, the combination 4267 appeared 8 times. And notably, it appeared 6 times in year 2014 alone. Rigged, you say? Perhaps. Now, we toggle the filter control again to find out the most frequent combinations in year 2017. What do we see? Or rather, what do we not see? Because now, 4267 is not in the bar chart anymore!

You don’t believe me? Let’s toggle the Top X Frequency filter control at the right. Moving the slider to the right gives us more bars in the chart. Let’s move it to the right, and see if 4267 is hiding in the back. Do you see it? Because I certainly don’t.

Maybe this is because of the fact that it is now only August 2017 and 4267 might still come back in the next several months. Well, if you think so, let’s move on to the Highlight Table.

This table shows the distribution of every combination in an organized tabular format. Darker color indicates higher frequency. Note that, this table can be filtered using the same filter control as the TreeMap chart. Do you see any pattern? No? Perhaps you need to toggle the frequency filter for a bit to include combinations with lower frequency. Does it look like they follow some kind of pattern? Does a group of frequent combinations cluster together? Because to me, the distribution looks quite even. There is no tendency for certain combinations to appear in a specific cluster or group.

As a conclusion, I even calculated the probability to win in a Sports Toto 4D lottery. There is a total of 10000 possible combination in each draw, and there are only 23 winning combinations. If you bet using any random number in any draw, the probability that you can win any of the prizes, is only 0.23%, which is less than one (1) percent!

So, why do you even try?

Disclaimer: This project is strictly educational. The results obtained and examples used in this project should not be accountable for your own behavior. We do not encourage the behavior of gambling and therefore will not be responsible of your own action.

Recently a friend of mine has been obsessed over lottery. He found a dataset of past lottery winning combinations and somehow thinks he can find… ]]>