michigan lottery tax

Michigan Gambling Winning Taxes

As Michigan becomes one of the fastest-growing gambling markets in the U.S. with legal sports betting, online gambling and more, bettors have more opportunities to cash winning tickets and earn profits at the state’s sportsbooks and gaming and poker tables. Whether hitting a jackpot or taking home a modest return, paying taxes on those winnings is part of the experience.

All gambling income — whether you play at land-based Detroit casinos, tribal casinos or on the state’s online casino sites (which are preparing to go live) — is subject to tax and should be reported on your federal and Michigan income tax returns. This page answers general questions about how gambling winnings are taxed in Michigan. Tax issues can be complex, so it’s advisable to consult a tax professional or financial advisor to avoid potential mistakes.

Michigan Gambling Tax Calculator

Tax rates depend on your annual income and tax bracket. Gambling income is subject to state and federal taxes but not FICA taxes, and the rate will depend on your total taxable income (not just wages) minus deductions (standard or itemized).INSERT TAX CALCULATOR

Marginal tax rate is the bracket your income falls into. Effective tax rate is the actual percentage you pay after standard deductions, etc., and operate on a sliding scale depending on filing status and total taxable income. The state tax rate in Michigan is 4.25%, which is the rate your gambling winnings are taxed.

When gambling winnings are combined with your annual income, it could move you into a higher tax bracket, so it’s important to be aware of gambling income before starting tax preparation.

Are Gambling Winnings Taxable in Michigan?

Yes, any and all gambling winnings are considered taxable. That includes winnings from casino games, slots, poker, sports betting, pari-mutuel racing and the Michigan Lottery.

Depending on the amount of your winnings, your casino, sportsbook or pari-mutuel wagering provider may have already withheld federal and state tax, which is indicated in a W-2G form mailed to you. Even if you didn’t receive a W-2G form and no tax was withheld, it is your responsibility to report all gambling winnings on your tax returns.

And to be clear, this apples to all online gaming, too, including online poker and casino games, and online sports betting.

What are the Gambling Tax Rates in Michigan?

Gambling winnings are subject to a 24% withholding for federal tax, though the actual amount you owe on your gambling win will depend on your total income. That tax is automatically withheld on winnings that reach a specific threshold (see below for exact amounts).

In addition, Michigan assesses a 4.25% state tax on income, which includes gambling winnings

How to Claim and Report Michigan Gambling Winnings for Taxes

Depending on the amount of winnings, bettors may receive a W-2G form, which is sent by the payor (casino, pari-mutuel operator, sportsbook, online casino, online sportsbook, etc). The form reveals the amount of winnings and if any tax was withheld. A copy of that W-2G is sent to the Internal Revenue Service.

Expect to receive a W-2G form if your gambling winnings exceeded any of these thresholds the previous calendar year:

  • $1,200 or more from slot machines or bingo.
  • $1,500 or more from a keno game.
  • More than $5,000 from poker tournaments (reduced by buy-in amount).
  • $600 or more from any pari-mutuel event (horse racing, etc.), provided the payout was at least 300 times the wager amount.

Casinos are not required to issue a W-2G for winnings for table games (blackjack, roulette, craps, etc.), though the IRS expects players to keep track of their wins and losses.

If your winnings were non-cash prizes, such as an automobile or vacation trip, the IRS instructs you to report the fair market value of each prize.

Non-residents with winnings at Michigan casinos or racetracks are still subject to Michigan state tax.

What to Do if You Don’t Receive a Form W-2G in Michigan

You will not receive Form W-2G if your gambling winnings did not meet the automatic withholding threshold. But be aware that your gambling winnings are still considered taxable income.

Without a W-2G, how do you know the amount of your winnings and losses?

The IRS expects you to keep an accurate record or diary of all betting activity and may require you to substantiate wins and losses with records and receipts. If your wagers were placed online, your sportsbook, casino or pari-mutuel provider should have a complete record of all your bets during the previous calendar year that can be easily accessed.

Is There Any Way I Can Deduct My Losses?

Yes there is. But …

  • You can deduct gambling losses only if you itemize on your tax return. That means the roughly 90% or taxpayers who take the standard deduction cannot deduct gambling losses.
  • If you itemize (use Schedule A), gambling losses cannot exceed winnings in any given year. So if you had $4,000 in winnings and $10,000 in losses last year, your deduction would be limited to $4,000. The remaining $6,000 cannot be carried over.

The IRS may request that you substantiate gambling wins and losses. This is where accurate record-keeping becomes so important.

Your documentation may include:

  • Form(s) W-2G.
  • Form 5754 (group gambling winnings)
  • Wagering tickets with dates, location and amounts won/lost. Also provide names of anyone who gambled with you, if applicable.
  • Canceled checks or credit records.
  • Financial and bank statements.

Michigan Lottery Taxes

Michigan Lottery winnings are subject to federal, state and local income taxes. Here’s what you need to know:

  • The Michigan Lottery does not withhold any taxes on prizes of $600 and below.
  • Winners of individual prizes of more than $600 will receive a W-2G form. The Michigan Lottery does not withhold any taxes on lottery prizes from $601 to $5,000, but is required to report the winnings to the IRS and Michigan Department of Treasury.
  • Winnings of more than $5,000 are subject to automatic withholding of 24% federal tax and 4.25% state tax. The Michigan Lottery says the withholdings are estimates and do not necessarily satisfy a winner’s tax liability. This applies to both state and non-Michigan residents.

How are Group Lottery Wins Taxed in Michigan?

A group that wins the Michigan Lottery must submit Form 5754 or a substitute 5754 form, either in print or electronically. All members must provide their Social Security number, photo identification and sign the form.

One person in the group will be designated as the primary winner. A check and W-2G form will be mailed to each member of the group. Federal and state taxes will be deducted from the checks, if applicable.

Taxes on Multi-State Lottery Wins

The same tax liability applies, whether you win a Michigan Lottery game or multi-state lotteries such as Powerball or Mega Millions. That means 24% in federal taxes and 4.25% in Michigan taxes, whether the prize is claimed in a lump sum or 30-year annuity.

If I Don’t Report My Gambling Winnings, What Happens?

Your tax bill could become more expensive if the IRS decides to add penalties and interest.

If you received a W-2G form detailing your gambling winnings, so did the IRS, which is obviously aware of that income. If your winnings did not meet the W-2G threshold, the IRS may not be aware, but the agency maintains that taxpayers are legally obligated to report all gambling income.

Whether from you play at land-based Michigan casinos or online sites gambling winnings should be reported on your tax returns. Find out more!

Michigan Gambling And Taxes

Gambling is fun. Taxes are not. Unfortunately, the two have to go together for anything to happen.

The truth of the matter is that for states like Michigan, the only real reason to legalize any form of gambling is the opportunity for tax revenue. Whether it be to pay for schools, roads, or some other unspecified project, most governments are always on the lookout for a new revenue stream.

Paying any taxes stings, to be sure. However, it’s important that you know how and when the taxman might come when you visit one of Michigan’s casinos. So, here is a guide for how taxes apply to Michigan gambling.

What is taxable in Michigan?

Throwing money around in a casino rarely seems like an official transaction. Whether you win or lose, the final disposition of your chips can often feel like a stitch in time.

Unfortunately, it’s not. All winnings that you realize in a casino are taxable as income, both on the state and federal levels.

So, you should be reporting those wins on your annual tax returns. Though many people scoff at the notion of reporting cash income to the government, it counts the same as income from a check or direct deposit in the eyes of the taxman.

Failure to report your gambling income could, in theory, land you in hot water with the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) or the state of Michigan’s tax office. In practice, those entities are unlikely to audit someone over a few hundred or thousand dollars, but that doesn’t mean that they can’t or won’t do so.

Also, please take note that non-cash winnings, like cars, boats, or other objects that you may win at a casino are subject to taxes too. The value that has transferred to you because of the win has increased your financial position, and the government wants its share of the loot. As a side note, game show prize winners have to do the same thing.

What taxes will I have to pay in Michigan?

Now that you’ve steeled yourself to the reality of giving away a portion of your sweet winnings to the government, you may be wondering who and what you’ll be forced to pay. As indicated earlier, you will be compelled to pay percentages to both the IRS and the state of Michigan for your wins there.

The IRS, for its part, will demand that you fork over 25% of your winnings to the feds for your troubles. This rate applies to wins of any size, so even if you win just a dollar, you’ll still need to throw a quarter at the taxman.

In addition, Michigan law requires that you pay an additional 4.25% to the folks in Lansing for having played in their casino. Even though the casinos themselves are the main wellspring of tax income for the state lawmakers, gamblers do not escape unscathed.

For smaller wins, you’ll essentially be on your honor to report your gambling winnings to the appropriate authorities. As stated earlier, it’s not legal just to stick the money into your pocket, but there’s no mechanism or watchful eye to force your compliance as you exit the casino.

That lack of oversight extends to wins up to $5,000. However, at that point, the casino itself is bound to collect 25% on the government’s behalf before it releases your winnings to you. Give the cage your name and Social Security number, and your tax bill will be settled before you leave the property.

Obviously, losing 25% off the top is a kick in the teeth, but please don’t get any ideas about simply withholding your name and SSN. As it turns out, anyone who refuses to provide their information (for any reason) will be subject to an additional penalty of 3%.

Neither option is good, but bear in mind that the casino is not going to keep a cent of that money that it withholds. So, you might as well go along with it and live to fight another day.

If I never win $5,000, will I ever have to pay taxes upfront?

If you’re not a high roller, the idea of ever reaching the federal threshold for casinos to report wins might seem far-fetched. After all, if you usually bet in $5 or $10 increments, it’s quite unlikely that you’ll realize a win that exceeds $100, let alone $5,000.

So, you may be wondering if you’d ever have to worry about the feds ever knowing that you were gambling. Unfortunately, there are some other scenarios in which the casino might have to report your win to the IRS before handing you the proceeds from your hard-fought victory.

A casino must report a win to the IRS with Form W-2G if any of the following events occurs:

  • The total winnings, or combined bet and profit, on a slot machine exceed $1,200.
  • A player’s keno profit on a game is more than $1,500.
  • A poker player wins more than $5,000 in a tournament.
  • A game’s profit is more than $600 and is thirty times or greater than the bet amount.

Now, filing this form does not mean that the casino has to collect from your winnings automatically. However, since the government will soon be aware of your win, it would be foolish to omit it from your return. So, make sure to keep your copy of the form for your records.

The bottom line is that if you have a memorable win in a casino, it’s quite likely that the government wants to remember it, too.

How do I report my winnings?

It’s understandable that you might feel disappointed about having to pay taxes on your winnings. Nevertheless, in most cases, you’ll bite the bullet and decide to file. So, here’s how to do that.

As is the case for essentially anything to do with the IRS, there are forms to fill out. The first thing to do is report the income on the IRS Schedule 1, which is the form for additional income and adjustments to income.

On that form, look for Line 8 in Part I, which is entitled “other income.” Here is where you will list your winnings and their source. “Gambling” or “casino” are fine for explaining from where the money came in most cases, although you can be more specific regarding the casino and date if you’re worried about attracting attention.

Once you’ve entered the information onto your Schedule 1, you’ll need to put the same total onto line 7a of your regular tax return. You will then be able to add the winnings into your overall taxable income.

By the way, your Schedule 1 is also the place to list various types of deductions, like certain business expenses or student loan interest payments. So, make sure that you don’t miss out on all the different ways to knock down that taxable base.

Can I report gambling losses in any way?

Of course, gambling comes with the inherent chance of losing. However, you could understandably think that it seems unfair that the IRS only cares about your winnings. You may wonder if there’s a way to claim gambling losses on your taxes.

As it turns out, you can.

The IRS provides Schedule A as a form to claim various deductions. Although there’s no line expressly for gambling losses, you can list your setbacks in Box 16 – Other Itemized Deductions to claim them.

Now, there are two rules that go along with claiming casino losses on your tax form. The first, and most important, is that you cannot claim losses in excess of your claimed winnings.

So, if you list $1,000 in gambling winnings on your Schedule 1, the maximum that you could claim as losses on your Schedule A would be $1,000. If you had a bad year at the casino (as many of us do), the IRS does simply allow you to write off the loss as a deduction against your taxable base, unfortunately.

The other rule is that you must be able to prove your losses in some kind of meaningful way in order to claim them. It is vital that you keep records, receipts, and other documentation to show the losses, or the IRS might not accept the deduction as valid.

After all, that might be a handy way to offset your winnings from the year and avoid taxation, so the IRS has to be sure that you took the beating you claim to have suffered. The chance that the agency will take a harder look at you will increase as the dollar amount goes up, so if you’re a bit of a high roller, it’s a good idea to keep a paper trail for yourself.

If you’re thinking that record-keeping might be a pain, you can possibly make things easier by using your loyalty or membership card at your casino of choice when you play. Since they award you based on your play, they keep records of your play. It shouldn’t be too difficult to acquire a copy of your history from the casino.

For your Michigan tax return, it is not possible to claim any kind of losses as a deductible expense. However, the state does allow you not to report the first $300 you win on bingo, poker, or other games from your total household expenses.

Do I have to pay taxes if I don’t live in Michigan?

It’s pretty clear that you have to pay taxes to Michigan if you’re a Michigan resident. However, you may be wondering if you’re still on the hook for the taxes if you’re just visiting from out of state.

Unfortunately, you are still bound to pay taxes to Michigan for your gambling win as a nonresident. As is often the case, there’s even a form for that. Worse yet, you will also have to report your winnings on your return for your own state, assuming that your state requires an income tax.

However, there are a couple of bits of good news. First of all, the states nearest Michigan (Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Minnesota, Ohio, and Wisconsin) have reciprocal agreements with the Great Lake State regarding earnings that you incur in Michigan. If you live in one of those six states, you are not required to file a nonresident return in Michigan.

The other ray of sunshine is that there is, in fact, a tax credit that you will be able to claim on your home state’s return that will offset the taxes you paid in Michigan on your winnings. So, even though you had to fork over to a state in which you don’t live, you don’t have to pay double tax on the windfall. Although states are happy to collect tax revenue, they correctly realize that having to pay tax twice on the same win might lead citizens to decide it’s not worth the effort to play.

Do I have to pay taxes if I’m part of a group?

In many things, there is strength in numbers, and gambling is no exception. It’s not uncommon for a group of friends to pool their money so that they can roll a bit higher than they would individually. Whether they’re throwing in for a slot machine or on a lottery ticket, groups of people can often find themselves with a claim to a significant amount of winnings.

Unfortunately, taxes remain one of life’s surest things, and group wins are subject to taxation just as much as individual wins. As expected, there is a form for that.

If your group of friends scores big, you will need to fill out IRS Form 5754 to report the winnings for tax purposes. One of the group will have to designate himself or herself as the primary winner, and the other members of the group will have to note the share of the prize that they are claiming. So, if you hit it big with your buddies, you might need a calculator.

Once you’ve got the form filled out, send it to the IRS. If the win occurs at a casino, casino management might want a copy of the form for its own records, too.


Do I really have to report everything?

Technically, yes. Obviously, many people choose not to report their cash-based income on their tax returns each year, but there’s no denying that the legal expectation is that you will faithfully and accurately complete your submission to the proper authorities.

Am I guaranteed to be audited if I don’t report something?

No. In fact, it’s quite unlikely that you will ever hear anything about it as long as the amounts are low. For instance, the IRS has had the resources to audit about 1 in 220 taxpayers who submit a return in recent years.

However, for every 219 who file without incident, there’s one unlucky soul who has the unpleasant experience of receiving an audit. You can cut your chances of being that person way down if you just go ahead and pay taxes on your winnings.

Are lottery winnings taxable?

Yes. Whether you’re playing the Michigan Lottery or one of the multi-state drawings like Powerball or Mega Millions, you are on the hook for any profits that you realize. Furthermore, if you buy a Powerball or Mega Millions ticket in Michigan, it counts as an in-state transaction, so you’ll have to pay Michigan taxes, too.

Is sports betting taxable?

Yes. Even though sports betting is new in Michigan, wins from successful sports bets are taxable as income.

Is online sports betting, casino gambling, and poker taxable?

Yes. All three online forms of gambling are taxable in the state of Michigan. In fact, it’s a lot harder to conceal your activities online, so there’s probably more reason to report those activities accurately than the games you play live.

Guide to Michigan gambling tax law. Learn how gambling winnings and losses may affect your tax returns, and more about how to file your taxes and Form W-2G. ]]>