The game used to be called Drop-pan in Jamaica, now it is called Cashpot .
|1||duppy||Ghost, milk, clothes, rice, anything white|
|2||small fire, batty||Anus, sitting, bed, crab|
|3||dead||Dead, duck, tongue|
|4||egg, sex||Egg, blood, wine, breast, sexual intercourse|
|6||strong man, stone||Strong man, iron, running|
|7||married woman, hog||Married woman, hog|
|8||belly, hole||Belly, belly woman, hole, bag, ring|
|9||old man, old dead||Married man, cow, ol’ dead, brain|
|10||small house, crib, coop||Small house, car, gaol, small boat, animal pen|
|11||boy, two legs||Boy, dog|
|12||head||Head, common horse|
|13||police, black woman||Knife, cutlass, policeman, butcher, old man, fisherman|
|14||mouth||Mouth, undertaker, wild puss, doorway|
|15||running, swimming||Weak, rat, running coolie woman|
|16||young girl||Young gyal, grass, tree, bees, anything green|
|17||old dead, chiney man||Chineyman, drapan player, gambling, brown man|
|18||doctor, doctor bird, doctor fish||Doctor, race-horse, tame puss|
|19||silver money||Silver, coolie man, hair, scale|
|20||sick||Sick, bed, food, meat, naked|
|21||bad girl||Whore, mule, bad|
|22||white woman||Nurse, white woman, pigeon, coffin, bird, queen|
|23||black man||Black man, monkey|
|24||fresh water||Fresh water, medicine|
|25||john crow||John crow, crowd, paper money|
|26||white man||White man, king, Jesus|
|27||big fire||Fire, accident, gun, madman|
|28||fowl||Road, fowl, pasture, commons, graveyard|
|29||parson||Parson, bull, ram, male of any species, right foot|
|30||fish||Fish, flowers, rum, mud|
|31||lizard, long stick, penis||Pulpit, kaki, wood, small rope|
|32||gold||Gold, ****, ripe fruit, beggar|
|33||big house||Big house, hospital|
|35||goat, vagina||She-goat, ******, bible|
|36||old woman||Hong Kong, foreign country, old lady, donkey|
Dictionary of Jamaican English By Frederic Gomes Cassidy, Robert Brock Le Page
Dictionary of Caribbean English usage By Jeannette Allsopp
1953, Mr. Samuel Kong with his wife, Wong Fong Yin, and their eight children. Courtesy of the Kong family.
By this time, in the 1940s, many of the second-generation, those who were truly Jamaican-Chinese, began to rebel against their parents’ desires to remain wedded to Chinese culture. They left the family business, went into other professions and embraced aspects of Jamaican culture. Many also converted to Roman Catholicism. Resentment from African-Jamaicans waned as tolerance of aspects of Chinese culture grew and some amalgamations occurred.
One of the most notable examples is the numbers game “drop pan.” Drop Pan in Cantonese “Jih Fah” and Hakka “Sue Fah,” is named for the fact that tickets numbered 1 to 36 are dropped in a pan to see who wins. Many players play based on dreams and portents, although some play by odds based on a study of the pattern of play. Drop Pan is said to have arrived in Jamaica with the earliest Chinese immigrants in the 1850s. It was restricted by the government as early as 1898. This law was amended in the 1920s due to the game’s substantial popularity.
Today, drop pan’s meanings are most likely both Chinese and Afro-Jamaican in origin. According to Barry Chevannes in a Jamaica Journal article on Drop Pan,
“the number 7 means married woman and hog. In Chinese custom a son-in-law makes a gift of a pig or pork to his mother-in-law every New Year.
The number 11 means baby boy and dog. Among the Chinese, the dog is a blessing as are newborn males”.
The number 8 stands for belly, belly (pregnant) woman, hole or ring, all of which could be related to Rastafarian belief that “a woman has no lineage. A woman is only a vessel”.
The candywine development John Morris – 1970 – 287 pages
Peaka pow is a South Chinese gambling game based on number series which are changed every week. It is so complicated that only a Chinese can manage to keep track of its weekly permutations and.
Caribbean quarterly University College of the West Indies (Mona . – 1996
the AG went on to state:
l have known of similar games in other Colonies under different names such as “Drop Pan” and the more oriental name of “Peaka Pow”, but l must say that the ethics of those games are on a much higher standard than those of whe whe, for at least those who contribute are given a sporting chance (however remote that may be) of some success, but the game as played here has no redeeming feature whatever, l am sorry to say. lt is impossible to control those who promote the game, and they are so able to manipulate the winning numbers that they choose those on which there has been the least amount of contributions, and by that way they are able to retain by far the largest amount of money involved. Those who go about soliciting subscriptions, commonly called “markers”, have a very wide latitude. They get somebody to choose a particular number, and if per chance this happens to be the winning number the marker goes back to his friend and says “l am very sorry. l was too late”. As a matter of fact he is never too late but .
Urban Life in Kingston, Jamaica: The Culture and Class Ideology of Two Neighborhoods By Diane J. Austin
More popular among women are the street corner games, peaka-peow and drop-pan, both Chinese numbers games. Drop-pan. where even a five cent bet may be placed, underlines the precarious financial position of many Selton Town
Encyclopedia of Jamaican heritage by Olive Senior
DROP PAN Folk lottery brought by CHINESE immigrants, an illegal game that is still played though not as widely as it once was. This is a numbers game: books of tickets numbered from 1-36 are sold by vendors working for the ‘banker’ who is the person running the game. Each numbered ticket sold is dropped into a pan for the draw, each draw or play being called a ‘pan’. All holders of the number drawn become winners. Each number is assigned a special meaning or several meanings (‘mark’), some originally brought from China, others developed in Jamaica, eg the number 1 signifies ‘white’, 18 ‘doctor’, and so on. Purchases are therefore often based on dreams, guesses, signs (‘rakes’), or TOKENS of the number or symbol, and Dream Books are sometimes consulted. Drop Pan is also called Tyshin and Woppy and in other parts of the CARRIBEAN, Whe-whe. The game is still popular in the DANCEHALL-environment, with specially coded meanings assigned to the numbers.
PEAKA-PEOW Gambling game introduced and run by the CHINESE, like DROP PAN, once very popular – though illegal. From a paper with 120 numbers, 30 are secretly chosen by the throw of a dice; the player marks 8 numbers on a piece of paper and wins if any of these numbers correspond to any of the 30 chosen.
Jabari: authentic Jamaican dictionary of the Jamic language ; featuring Jamaican Patwa and Rasta Iyaric pronunciations and definitions By Ras Dennis Jabari Reynolds
drop-pan : a national numbers game
Jamaica talk: three hundred years of the English language in Jamaica By Frederic Gomes Cassidy
Another game is known as drop-pan from the method of play. One buys from a book of tickets (/tai shiin/ is the Chinese name by which this generally goes) numbered from 1 to 36, each ticket representing something — for example, a part of the body. Later the tickets are dropped in a pan to see which wins. A rake is a ‘hunch’ — a sign or token that guides one in buying a drop-pan ticket. The person who feels he has got this token may say, ‘I ketch de rake.’ Money Jamaica has adopted or developed a number of names and nicknames for coinsJamaica The game used to be called Drop-pan in Jamaica, now it is called Cashpot . # Cashpot DropPan 1 duppy Ghost, milk, clothes, rice, anything white 2 small fire, batty Anus,
A Jamaican Pastime
The lottery game Cash Pot is a source of daily entertainment for thousands of ordinary Jamaicans who otherwise have little money to spend on recreation. It also provides fodder for numerous sermons in church decrying the practice of spending scarce resources on games of chance!
Well, I don’t think anyone can dispute that gambling can be a problem. But the way I see it, Cash Pot is more than just a game of chance.
It’s an outlet and a release for many people who might not have any access to more sophisticated forms of entertainment. Most players spend very small sums of money each day, and my investigations lead me to believe that over time, regular players make back about what they spend.
Winning numbers from 1 to 36 are drawn daily and broadcast at 1pm, 5pm and 7:30pm. I’m sure the cell phone companies experience an upsurge in calls at 1:01, 5:01 and 7:31! Friends calling each other to find out if anyone “ketch di number”, or to discuss the craftiness of “di man” who chooses the numbers. Very few buyers believe the numbers are chosen randomly.
The list of numbers and meanings given below was kindly supplied to me by a friend, who knows everything about the game. I routinely tell her my dreams so she can use them in her efforts to outsmart di man. I pass on to her anything out of the way that I see, as these are probably signs that I, in my simplicity, don’t know how to interpret. She is very, very skilled at sighting the rake (interpreting the signs).
Some numbers may have additional meanings, but I didn’t want to pressure my source, who I think did a fantastic job reeling off the meaning of the 36 numbers quicker than I could write them down!
Cash Pot numbers and their meanings
- #1 – duppy
- #2 – small fire, batty
- #3 – dead
- #4 – egg, sex
- #5 – thief
- #6 – strong man, stone
- #7 – married woman, hog
- #8 – belly, hole
- #9 – old man, old dead
- #10 – small house, crib, coop
- #11 – boy, two legs
- #12 – head
- #13 – police, black woman
- #14 – mouth
- #15 – running, swimming
- #16 – young girl
- #17 – old dead, chiney man
- #18 – doctor, doctor bird, doctor fish
- #19 – silver money
- #20 – sick
- #21 – bad girl
- #22 – white woman
- #23 – black man
- #24 – fresh water
- #25 – john crow
- #26 – white man
- #27 – big fire
- #28 – fowl
- #29 – parson
- #30 – fish
- #31 – lizard, long stick, penis
- #32 – gold
- #33 – big house
- #34 – baby
- #35 – goat, vagina
- #36 – old woman
If you sight a rake that doesn’t match any of these words, you need to consider what you have seen from all angles. You have to be crafty to outwit di man. He may choose the same number twice in a row just to spite and confuse you. You need to consider the numbers he played today, because it might give you clues as to what is on his mind for tomorrow’s numbers.
There’s no denying the fact that Cash Pot has become part of